Sunday, December 1, 2019
Introduction The contemporary business world is complex and characterized by a lot of attributes all aimed at achieving success in the business operations.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on The Effect of Sex Appeal on Commercials specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Competition is a major concern in business and business organizations have to engage in strategic measures to ensure that they attain a competitive advantage in relation to other business enterprises especially those that are involved in production and sale of similar products and services. Advertisement is one effective strategy that is deemed to play a great role in enhancing an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s productivity and profitability through boosting the sales level. There are different ways through which advertisement can be carried out depending on the results desired and the effectiveness of a given advertising method. The use of sexual appeal is one method. It entails the use of erotic or sexual imagery in advertising with an aim of drawing attention and interest to a particular product or service to enhance its sales (Loyalty Customers, 2010). Although a sexual imagery such as a beautiful woman could be used, in most cases, it does not have any connection to the product being advertised. It is usually meant to attract the attention of the potential consumers (Harker, 1998).This piece of work gives an in depth discussion of the effect of sex appeal on commercials. This will be achieved through conducting of a comprehensive study using various research methodologies and analysis strategies. Methods There are various methods that are available for utilization by researchers while carrying out their studies. Some are effective for use in some contexts while others can only be used in specific settings. For instance, in cases where the study population is relatively high, there is usually a need to have some sampling techniqu es. The sample chosen should however be as representative as possible to allow for the attainment of effective results. For the purpose of this assignment, different forms of business organizations will be selected to make a representative sample. Different leaders will be supplied with questionnaires and some engaged in interview sessions where questions that are deemed important in gaining some insight into the topic of discussion will be asked. The questions will be structured in such a manner that the researcher is able to probe adequate information related to the research questions.Advertising Looking for research paper on advertising? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Participants or units of analysis Participants or units of analysis are crucial in any research study. This is because they provide a researcher with the needed information. The information could be deduced through different means for instance interview quest ions or questionnaires as well as observation where the researcher is actively involved and captures all cues that could in one way or the other add value to the research findings. This study will be restricted to business organizations that rely on commercials as a way of increasing their sales as well as media houses that are involved in airing the commercials. The main participants in the study will be leaders or heads of various departments for instance sales department in the selected business organizations and media houses. These leaders will be helpful in provision of the necessary information which will help in understanding the situation in the business arena. Twelve business organizations will be studied; six of them will be large organizations while six will be of medium size. Setting and materials Setting and materials are critical elements in any research study. They help in the understanding and obtaining of appropriate information capable of solving the particular res earch problem(s). Setting entails the location or the atmosphere in which the research is carried out. Different setting facilitate research in different ways and hence the need to select an appropriate setting in order to obtain effective results. On the other hand, materials entail all the essentials that are required to carry out a given research. It could entail various information materials and other supplies needed. Various stationery will be required for instance those used in conducting the survey study and interviews. Tape and video tapes machines and recorders will be useful in the interview sections. Procedures A procedure entails a systematic and methodological manner in which research is carried out. There are different procedures that could be applied in a given research study depending on how efficient and effective they are deemed to be. Whatever the case, the procedures should allow the researcher to attain appropriate results that will help in answering the researc h questions as well as ascertaining the research hypothesis. A survey will be carried where different data collection methods will be used especially questionnaires and interviews. The mixed method approach to research will be the most appropriate way to evaluate the situation.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on The Effect of Sex Appeal on Commercials specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The qualitative research will be used to establish the organizationsÃ¢â¬â¢ viewpoint and assessment of the impact of the sex appeal concept on commercials and how it affects advertisement and business in general. This will be done through a quantitative questionnaire based on a Likert scale. The questionnaire will be implemented to establish the effectiveness of sex appeal in enhancing sales. To allow provision of appropriate information by the respondents, they will be acknowledged that their information will be kept confid ential throughout the entire research process. Open ended questions will be useful in data collection in this study. This method of data collection will be very helpful in collecting qualitative data from the selected sample of the population. However, this will be done with a lot of care to avoid any negative feedback. The respondents in this case may be tempted to exaggerate the information they give to favor their companies or else show how successful they have been. Questionnaires will be developed based on assumptions of successful literature on the effect of sex appeal on commercials. The assumptions in the research study will be based on the fact that sex appeal enhances commercials and business at large through attracting more potential customers who later become loyal customers to the particular products and services. There will also be some interviews. All the interviews will be conducted by graduate research assistants with most of the interviews being conducted in person so as to get hold of all cues, even the nonverbal ones. Data collection through interview will be conducted through face to face interviews with the respondents. This is where the respondents will be asked questions by the interviewer. In this case, the interviewer will ask questions to the respondents and then record what they respond. While conducting these interviews, a random sample will be selected from the entire population. This will help in overcoming the problem of data biasness. Design Research design is considered to be an incredibly crucial element in carrying out any form of research irrespective of the scope or context. It entails the structure of enquiry or how that various information and data needed for the research study is to be gathered.Advertising Looking for research paper on advertising? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Any data collection method could be used in any research design. For the sake of this study, a combination of descriptive and explanatory research designs will be used and different data collection methods will be used, as mentioned earlier. The research design is aimed at minimizing the chance of having incorrect inferences from data. Dependent variables In any given research, there exist both dependent as well as independent variables. A variable is a unit that is measurable. A dependent variable is something or a unit that largely depends on other factors while an independent variable is a variable that stands on its own, that is, it is not in any way affected by other factors or variables that are measured in a research study. The variables consist of the measurable or what is being coded. For the case of this research the commercials or business adverts are the dependent variables as their effectiveness are influenced by various factors such as the elements used in the adverts. The sex appeal or imagery could be considered as independent variables since they are the ones affecting the commercials. Results It is after carrying out a research study that some results are attained. The results help in answering the research questions as well as identifying some gaps present in a particular line of study. This therefore assists in the provision of the way forward or else some recommendations that ought to be taken in order to either solve an existing problem or save a situation. In this section, the type of data analysis used in the research is illustrated and the rationale for statistical procedures given. The researcher also provides the reader with the major findings that are associated with dependent variable (s). It is after the data collection that the researcher will embark on data analysis. There are several methods which will be applied in data analysis. This analysis will include a precise documentation of the field data. The researcher will collect data from various sources. This data will then be compiled and compared. It is therefore advisable for the researcher to ensure that the data collected is precise. The data collected from interviews and reports will be examined at this stage. In this process, certain patterns will be identified as well as connections and similarities. This analysis will also identify any deviation from what is expected. This way, the researcher will be able to identify some critical areas which need some adjustments. Some of the findings that were obtained in regard to the effect of sex appeal on commercials include the following. Advertisers use the spiritual, emotional and biological aspects of sexuality to attract customers. The concept is sold along with a product. Despite the fact that the use of female models and imagery is believed to attract potential male consumers, this research study has shown that a majority of purchases are made by women. This therefore shows that although sex appeal ar ouses some emotions, it does not influence purchase decision much (Reichert, 2007). Sex appeal works through playing upon the biological needs of individuals and instincts. The concept of sex appeal has gained a lot of application in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s advertisements. Through incorporation of sex appeal in the advertisements, the different business organizations that were selected for this study showed some slight improvements in productivity and profitability through increased sales. It was however difficult to ascertain the exact functioning of the sex appeal. The appeal has short term success through immediate attraction, particularly among males, which may not necessarily influence the purchasing actions (Waller, 1999). Discussion After attaining results from the study through the participants and units, it is necessary to have an in depth discussion in an effort to bring together all the gained information and insight in line. This will allow for coming up with effective inferences and conclusions that are necessary to improve current situations or even advocate for some way forward in regard to the topic of research. Some of the findings that were gathered through the study include; Sex appeal works through playing upon the biological needs of individuals and instincts, advertisers use the spiritual, emotional and biological aspects of sexuality to attract customers and that a majority of purchases fuelled by sex appeal are made by women, among others. The findings are quite important since they offer alternate explanations to all the concepts that surround the issue of sex appeal and its use as an advertisement element. Despite the fact that the research study has offered us with relevant information with regard to sex appeal and its effect on commercials, it is also have some limitation. This includes concentration on the positive attributes associated with sex appeal as an element of advertisement. However, the effectiveness of sex appeal on commercials i s questionable. This is because despite the fact that sex appeal plays a great role in attracting potential customers, it only brings about short term success and in most cases, it does not influence the consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ buying decisions and actions. The effectiveness also depends on a particular product for instance, cosmetic and beauty products could be favored by the use of sex appeal. This is due to the fact that there is a close connection between the products and sexuality (Severn and Belch, 1990). As a result of the limitations and the desire to have a comprehensive understanding of the concept of sex appeal and its effect on commercials, the researcher ought to come up with strategic measures through which the study should be improved. Among the recommendations is the combination of different appeals, for instance, having some erotic and factual attributes of a product. From the above discussion, it is evident that sex appeal is a critical aspect in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s commercia ls. It is a concept that have gained a lot of application as people tend to associate themselves with some sexual imagery and this way, they get to purchase the products and services that are linked with the imagery through advertisement (Serendip, 2008). Reference List Harker, D. (1998). Achieving Acceptable Advertising. International marketing review, 15,101-118. Loyalty Customers. (2010). Sex Appeal as a Promotion Strategy. Retrieved from http://loyaltyandcustomers.com/2010/03/sex-appeal-as-a-promotion-strategy/ Reichert, T. (2007). Does Sex in Advertising Work?: A Review of Scholarly Research Informed by Professional Opinion. Advertising Society Review Vol. 8, No. 2. Serendip (2008). Sex and Advertising: An Ã¢â¬Å"OrganicÃ¢â¬ Experience. Web. Severn, J,E.G. and Belch, A.M. (1990).The Effects of Sexual and Non-Sexual Advertising Appeals and Information Level on Cognitive Processing and Communication Effectiveness. Journal of Advertising Vol. 19, No. 1 pp. 14-22. Waller, S.(1 999). Attitudes towards Offensive Advertising. Journal of consumer marketing.16, 288- 294. This research paper on The Effect of Sex Appeal on Commercials was written and submitted by user Gwyneth Cherry to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
Gender inequality in Canada Do you think gender inequality exists in Canada? Why or why not? The term gender describes the physical difference between people. Gender gives an individual personal a trait that the societies commonly attach to as being either of male or female gender. Gender inequality on the other hand is unequal distribution of privileges between men and women in terms of different issues like employment opportunity, wealth, and power position.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Gender inequality in Canada specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Women are the most affected victims of gender inequality and they deserve a top priority among any other group as action to address inequality issues are being put across. Canada is described as a society that lives in denial of the fact that there exist gender inequality issues. The persistence in gender inequities is becoming a major problem as Canadians seem even more confused on issues pertain ing gender and how to address the problem. According to (Naiman 123), although it is certain that men and women have actual differences particularly physically, most of the social indifference perception are not because of the biological connotation but because of the over time cultural practices and beliefs. There exists some kind of gender discrimination in markets as well as in systems of public provision and due to its prevalence presence associated with factors outside the household they are shaping peoples perception about gender inequality. The significance of women unpaid work for their capacity to respond to market signals shows inequality. Gender inequality extends in societies where there exist unequal roles, responsibilities and distribution of resources in the household. This leads to men and women feeling constrained in their response behaviors. What is heterosexism? Heterosexism is predisposition towards people who are heterosexual who include gay, lesbians, bisexuals and the transgender (GLBT) members of the community, the word is commonly used to express societal institutions biasness in wanting people to behave as if they are all heterosexual. Heterosexism firmly embeds the existing customs and traditions of the society. It depicts the ideological system that disgraces any person who is not heterosexual. An individual who claims to be homosexual is usually seen as abnormal because the society believes that only heterosexuals are normal beings. Heterosexism seeks to judge these particular groups of people (GLBT) making them appears as weak, low social status and inferior as compared to the Ã¢â¬ËstraightÃ¢â¬â¢ people. It allows the society to make judgments towards them and deny the homosexuals the same rights and privileges given to the heterosexuals members. What are some key gender issues in contemporary Canada? In the 20th century the Canadian state introduced policies and programs that defined a new form of citizenship in Canada. Women could now vote while human rights legislations protected basic freedoms and prohibited fundamental forms of discrimination. Despite these efforts, there is evidence that there are certain groups of people who are privileged over others.Advertising Looking for essay on gender studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Gender role defines the attitude and activities communities believe to best suite different sexes. This is among many issues related to gender. In contemporary Canada context the male is obligated to be an ambitious person and every competitive while his female counterpart is expected to be fragile and emotional. Gender biasness is also experienced in most parts of Canada as many women continue to experience sexual discrimination, unequal treatment, and unfairness. Another gender issue is superiority. Males are perceived as superior beings more competent than women even though there are several instances where by women are equally as intelligent as men this is why they are underrepresented in important professional fields like medicine, engineering and law (Naiman 233). Schools are known to encourage boys to attain good grades in mathematics and science as compared to girls. Canadian government is encouraged to ensure that men and women have equal rights and opportunities in all areas of the economy and the society to achieve a sustainable social and economical development. Work Cited Kuper Island: return to the healing circle. Dir. Welsh Christine and Peter Campbell. Gumboot Production.1998. DVD Naiman Joanne. How Societies Work: Class, Power and Change in a Canadian Context. Winnipeg. Fernwood Pub. 2008. Print
Friday, November 22, 2019
Top 250 Administrative Assistant Jobs That Are Hiring Today Almost any workplace you can think of has an administrative assistant- the behind-the-scenes person who keeps the office and its workers running smoothly. The great news is that this can be an entry-level job. If you can prove your interpersonal and organizational skills, and have a solid knowledge of basic word processing and office computer programs, you can apply for a position. Most training occurs on the job, and is office specific.If you have interest in a certain field and would like a foot in the door, going the administrative assistant route is a great way to explore all corners of an industry- you not only are often the face of the company to clients, you also likely will talk to people at all levels of office hierarchy. Do a great job and become someone whos trustworthy and accountable, and youll set yourself up for a career that can transport anywhere, in any company.Here is a list of titles that fall under the Administrative AssistantÃ umbrella.Administrative Assistant Job TitlesAccounting ClerkAccounting SpecialistAccounts Payable AssistantAccounts Payable ClerkAdjustment ClerkAdjustment RepresentativeAdministrative AssistantAdministrative ClerkAdministrative CoordinatorAdministrative DirectorAdministrative ManagerAdministrative Office AssistantAdministrative SpecialistAdministrative SupervisorAdmissions ClerkAdvocacy SpecialistAssessment ClerkAssessment TechnicianAssistant City ManagerAssistant Hotel Front Office ManagerAuditing ClerkAutomotive Warranty ClerkAuxiliary Services ManagerAviation Inventory ClerkBakery ClerkBank ClerkBilling ClerkBorough ManagerBusiness Office AdministratorBusiness Office AssistantBusiness Office ManagerCar Rental ClerkChapter SpecialistChief Information Officer (CIO) AssistantCirculation ClerkCity ClerkCity Managers AssistantCity OfficialCity RecorderCity SuperintendentCity TreasurerClaims ClerkClaims ProcessorClerical CoordinatorClerical SupervisorClerical Support AssociateClerkCollection CoordinatorCollections Cl erkCommissary ClerkConference RegistrarConstituent Services ManagerContract AdministratorContract AnalystContract AssistantContract ConsultantContract DirectorContract ManagerContract NegotiatorContract SpecialistContract SupervisorContracting OfficerConvenience Store ClerkCorrespondence AnalystCorrespondence ClerkCorrespondence SupervisorCounty AdministratorCounty DirectorCounty RecorderCourt ClerkCultural Affairs ManagerData CollectorData Conversion Project ManagerData Entry AnalystData Entry AssistantData Entry ClerkData Entry ConsultantData Entry ManagerData Entry RepresentativeData Entry SupervisorData ProcessorDatabase AssistantDeli ClerkDental ReceptionistDeputy County RecorderDiet ClerkDirector of Government AffairsDispatch ClerkDocument AnalystDocument Control AdministratorDocument Control ClerkDocument Control SupervisorDocument Imaging SpecialistDocument ManagerElection ClerkElections CoordinatorElections DirectorEligibility SpecialistEnrollment Eligibility Representative Escrow ClerkEvent Registration SpecialistExecutive AssistantExecutive SecretaryFaculty Administrative AssistantFaculty SecretaryFederal Affairs DirectorFinance ClerkFinancial Aid TechnicianFinancial Assistance SpecialistFinancial SecretaryFire Department Administrative AssistantFloral ClerkForeclosure ClerkForeign Affairs DirectorFreight-Rate ClerkFront Desk AttendantFront Office ManagerGender Affairs OfficerGovernment Affairs AnalystGovernment Affairs AssistantGovernment Affairs ManagerGovernment Affairs SpecialistGovernment Contracts ManagerGovernment Relations CoordinatorGovernment Relations DirectorGrant AdministratorGrant DirectorGrant ManagerGrant WriterGrievance and Appeals CoordinatorGrievance and Appeals RepresentativeGrocery ClerkGuest Service AgentHealth Care RepresentativeHealth Department AdministratorHealthcare Claims ProcessorHotel Front Office ManagerHotel Front Office SupervisorHuman Resources ClerkHuman Rights OfficerImport / Export ClerkIndexing SpecialistInventor y ClerkJail SecretaryLaboratory Administrative AssistantLaw ClerkLegal Billing ClerkLegal Office ManagerLegal SecretaryLegislative Affairs SpecialistLegislative AideLicense ClerkLobbyistLogistics ClerkMail ClerkMailroom ClerkMaintenance ClerkMedical Administrative AssistantMedical Admissions ClerkMedical Billing ClerkMedical ClerkMedical Front OfficeMedical Office ManagerMedical Office SupervisorMedical ReceptionistMedical Records ClerkMedical SecretaryMerchandise ClerkNutrition ClerkOffice AssistantOffice Automation ClerkOffice ClerkOffice ManagerOffice SupervisorOmbudsmanOrder AdministratorOrder ClerkOrder Entry SpecialistPatient CoordinatorPatient Registration SpecialistPayroll ClerkPermit CoordinatorPersonal Assistant (PA)PMO AnalystPMO DirectorPMO ManagerPMO Project ManagerPMO SpecialistPolice Administrative AssistantPolice ClerkPolice Records ManagerPolice Records SupervisorPolice Records TechnicianPolicy AdvisorPolitical Affairs OfficerPolitical DirectorPostal Service ClerkPo stmasterProduction ClerkProofreaderProtocol OfficerPublic AdministratorPublic Policy AnalystPublic Policy AssistantPublic Policy DirectorPublic Policy SpecialistPublic Service DirectorPublic Service ManagerPublic Service Project ManagerPublic Service SpecialistQuality Control ClerkReal Estate ClerkReal Estate Office ManagerReceptionistRecords CoordinatorRecords CustodianRecords OfficerRecords TechnicianReferral SpecialistRefund SpecialistRegistrar of VotersRental ClerkReturns ProcessorScale House ClerkScanning AssistantScanning SpecialistScheduling CoordinatorSecretarySecurities ClerkService Contracts ManagerShipping / Receiving ClerkShop ClerkSocial Security SpecialistSpa ReceptionistSpace Management SpecialistStaff SchedulerSurgery SchedulerTitle Services RepresentativeTooling ManagerTownship ManagerTownship TrusteeTrade OfficerTraffic ClerkTransportation ClerkUtility Billing ClerkUtility ClerkVeterans Service OfficerVeterinary ReceptionistVillage AdministratorVillage ManagerVP of Government AffairsWarehouse ClerkWarranty ClerkWord Processing OperatorAccording to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, high school graduates who are comfortable using computer software applications usually qualify for entry-level positions. If you are interested in legal and medical assistant positions, those mightÃ require additional training to learn industry-specific terminology.In order to enter this field, most jobs require you to haveÃ a high school diploma or equivalent. According to BLS,Ã employment of customer service representatives is projected to grow 3 percent through 2024, and the median hourly wage for the fieldÃ is around $17.90.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Develop customer service plan - Coursework Example Customer services team will contact on regular basis to understand their experiences after using the product and requirements. Customer satisfaction is the first priority of the company. Survey will be conducted to identify the needs of the customer. Our main aim is to achieve customer satisfaction by providing quality product and meeting the needs of the customers. The company is planning to consider formal and informal feedback technique to get feedback from the customers. Customers will be contacted over email and telephone to get a view about their experiences. It also tends to develop proper client relationship with the existing client base to make them feel comfortable to start after sales services anytime within the service period. The company will use RATER survey procedure (Reliability, Assurance, Tangibles, Empathy and Responsiveness) and it will focus on these five different areas to obtain full satisfaction of the customers. It will ensure that the customer can fully relay on the quality of the product that has been delivered to him/her. Assurance states that the company assures of proving service at any point of time within the service period. Tangibility of the product will be updated and delivered as shown in the product description. The company will always be empathetic towards any issues faced by the customers starting from the ordering period till the duration of service period. Any issues and problems will be quickly resolved by our customer service team members. Customers will always get quick response and the issue will be solved as fast as possible. McKinsey&Company., 2014. The three Cs of customer satisfaction: Consistency, consistency, consistency. [Online]. Available at: http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/consumer_and_retail/the_three_cs_of_customer_satisfaction_consistency_consistency_consistency. [Accessed on September 17, 2014]. Anderson. E., et al. Customer Satisfaction, Productivity and
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Civil Engineering - Essay Example pulated language and hence ease of interpretation and application, non-legalistic language, minimal use of such broad terms as Ã¢â¬Å"reasonableÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"fairÃ¢â¬ that induce subjectivity in interpretation and comprehension, clear demarcation and identification of roles and responsibilities of individual parties that form part of the project, simple structure and decisions supported with rational reasoning. It is a contract between a Contractor and an Employer. The employer is entitled to hire a Project Manager (PM) in order to get his work administered and his objectives safeguarded. As evident from the organizational chart below, NEC (ECC) contract is developed only between the Employer and Contractor. However, various other forms of NEC contracts have been published to organize the work and enhance coordination between various parties that are involved in the project. The Employer forms NEC PSC contracts with the PM, Designer and Supervisor. The Adjudicator is linked with both the Employer and the Contractor. The Contractor in turn, may hire Subcontractors for assistance and time saving. The Employer gets the work administered by PM. An NEC3 (ECC) encourages a PM to be proactive and work contrary to the general trend among PMs of reacting on what comes next. Being the administrator of Employer and working on his behalf, any decision that the PM takes has the same worth and applicability as that coming directly from the Employer. As per the ECC contract, PM is required to notify the Contractor about compensation events as they occur unlike most other forms of contract, in which it is for the Contractor to realize that he should be compensated for the change in nature or scope of work. Many times, the Contractor has to indulge in lengthy arguments with the owners in order to make them realize. This, in turn, ruins their inter-relationships, and the project suffers. Hence, in an NEC3 (ECC), a PM is more dutiful and watchful in the best interest of the overall project
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Understand how to set up a home based childcare service Essay This was the name of the green paper produced in response to the laming inquiry into the death of Victoria Climbie in 2000. It went on to form the basis of the 2004 childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s act. The paper lists five outcomes which were identified in consultation with children and young people; Being healthy; enjoying good physical and mental health and living a healthy lifestyle staying safe; being protected from harm and neglect. Enjoying and achieving ; getting the most out of life and developing the skills for adulthood making a positive contribution; being involved with the community and society and not engaging in anti-social or offending behaviour economic well- being; not being prevented by economic disadvantage from achieving their full potential in life. ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s act 2004 This act sets out the processes for integrating services to children in England and wales, requiring local authorities and their partners to co-operate in promoting the welfare and wellbeing of children.it created the post of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s commissioner for England and introduced the requirement for local authorities to have a director of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s services. ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s act 1989 First acknowledgement in UK law of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights, none as Ã¢â¬Ëthe needs of the child are paramount`. Education act 1993 Ã Secretary of state are required to publish a code of practise for children with special educational needs parents of children under 2 years have the right to ask for the child to be formally assessed. Data protection act 1998 It protects sensitive personal information being published without a personÃ¢â¬â¢s consent. where children are involved consent has to be given by a parent or guardian. Food safety (general food hygiene) regulations 1995 Local authorities require registered child-minderÃ¢â¬â¢s are to register with their local environmental health department and obtain the followingÃ document. Ã¢â¬Ësafer food, better business for childminders` Special educational needs and disability act 2001 This act protects persons from discrimination on the grounds of a disability, and it requires that reasonable adjustments must be made to services, provisions and/or premises so that disabled persons do not suffer significant disadvantages compared to non-disabled persons. Children are covered by this legislation as they are persons in the eyes of the law. Role of regulatory bodies Regulatory bodies in the UK are Ofsted (England) The fundamental role of these regulatory bodies is to ensure that all children receive the best possible care in all settings a child attends away from their home. The systems they have in place will also reassure parents, guardians and carers who have to be able to entrust their child to an organisation or individual to look after. They will make sure you meet the welfare requirementÃ¢â¬â¢s and learning and development requirementÃ¢â¬â¢s as set out in the early years statutory framework for the early years foundation stage, Are a suitable person to provide care for children and can promote an environment where children are well cared for, are safe and their learning and development is catered for. The regulatory bodies have processes and systems to control home based childcare in the following ways. Registration Ã¢â¬â This covers checks on you, other adults who live with you and the premises where you plan to carry out your business. Inspection This is when inspectors carry out checks on the service you offer and on you once you are registered they produce a report which is then available on the websites of the regulatory bodies and must be offered to parents. Investigation Ã¢â¬â Following a complaint or concern, an inspector may carry out an investigation into your childcare service to make sure that you are meeting and complying with the welfare requirements. This is in addition to an inspection. Enforcement Ã¢â¬â If you do not meet the welfare requirementsÃ or standards of your country, the regulatory body can take action against you.in England there are five general welfare requirements. Safeguarding and promoting childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s welfare Suitable people Suitable premises, environment and equipment Organisation Documentation. 1.2 Develop policies and procedures for; * Accidents, illness and emergencies The safety of your child is paramount and I will take every measure I can to protect your child from hurting themselves. However, sometimes accidents do happen. I have written the following procedure on how I will deal with such a situation: *I will comfort the child and reassure them. *I will assess the extent of their injuries and if necessary call for medical support/ambulance. *I will give any first aid procedures that are necessary. I have been trained to carry out to these procedures and have required certificate. *Once the child is more settled I will contact you as soon as possible to inform you of the accident, and if necessary I will ask you to return to care for your child / meet me at the hospital. After every accident, however minor I will: *Complete a report in my accident book. *Ask you to sign the report. If the incident requires any medical treatment then I will: *Inform Ofsted *Inform my Insurance Company. *Contact the NCMA for additional advice/support. It is important that you keep me informed regarding your childÃ¢â¬â¢s condition following an accident and if you have sought medical advice. Back up registered childminder:_____________________________ Known responsible adult:________________________ *Behaviour Biting can be an uncomfortable subject for parents of both the biter and the child who is bitten. I hope that this policy will explain how I deal with biting in my home. Please do discuss any concerns you may have regarding this issue with me. If your child is known to bite I would prefer to know in advance. Children bite for a variety of reasons. This may be because they are teething, frustrated, exploring using their mouth, asserting their independence and wanting to gain control, maybe of a toy or they could be stressed. It may also be because they want to gain attention. I will work with you and your child to establish when and why they are biting. I will observe the child closely to see if certain conditions or situations trigger the behavior and then work with them to try and avoid the incidents occurring. This may involve altering the childÃ¢â¬â¢s routine, giving them more one to one attention, purchasing additional resources so sharing is not such a major issue or if it is because a child is teething provide suitable teething resources. I will ensure that if a child is bitten that they are comforted and given lots of attention. I will ensure that any first aid is applied correctly if required and the incident will be recorded in my book and parents asked to sign it. If your child bites then I will remove them from the situation. I will explain to them, according to their age and understanding that biting is unacceptable behavior. For younger child this may be by my tone of voice and facial expressions rather than lots of words. It may be necessary for me to exclude the child from an activity and use Ã¢â¬Ëtime outÃ¢â¬â¢ until they are calm enough to return. I will also encourage the child to apologize to the child they have bitten and work with them to develop strategies to help them deal with the reasons. Many children go through a stage of biting, please donÃ¢â¬â¢t be alarmed it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t last forever! Please sign and date to say you have read and understand Managing Behavior Policy Promoting positive behavior is very important and I do this by: *Giving lots of praise for good behavior *Giving the children individual attention so they feel valued *Setting a good example, being a good role model *Listening to what the children have to say *Rewarding good behavior (choosing next activity etc) *Giving children stickers for good behavior, sharing etc. I help the children understand my house rules, which are realistic and I am consistent in the enforcing of them. I do not give out confusing signals, Saying No means No! I am aware of the different reasons why children misbehave and will endeavour to keep to routines so that your child feels safe and is not over tired or hungry. However all children will misbehave at sometime. I have developed several different strategies on how to deal with a child misbehaving and use different ones depending on the age/stage of ability of the child and the situation: *Distraction. Remove the child from the situation and give them an alternative activity. *Ignore. Depending on the situation I may ignore the bad behavior as I feel it is being done to get a reaction. *Discuss with Child. If the child is able to understand I will discuss their behavior and try and get them to appreciate the consequences of their actions on others. I inform them that it is their behavior I do not like, not them. *Time Out. Removing the child from the activity and sitting them quietly for a few minutes. I will never smack, shake or hurt your child. I will not humiliate your child. If a child misbehaves I will let you know by either writing it in their contact book or by ringing you later after collection. Some children can become upset if the incident is retold in front of them. I will also inform you of how the matter was dealt with. If you have any concerns regarding the managing of your childÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior, please do not hesitate to contact me. It is important that we work together on managing behavior in order not to confuse your child. Please sign and date to say you have read and understand *safeguarding My responsibility as a childminder is to ensure the safety and welfare of children in my care. I have received training on safeguarding children issues and am aware of the signs and symptoms of abuse, physical, emotional and sexual, and those of neglect. If I have any reason to suspect a problem I will seek advice from the Child Protection Team and / or discuss with the parent. If I have reason to believe that any child in my care is beingÃ abused in any way I will follow the local safeguarding children board procedures and report the matter to the Social Services. Under these circumstances I will not be able to keep information relating to your child confidential, but will need to share it with Ofsted, Social Services and the Police if requested. Please sign and date to say you have read and understand Equal opportunities I give all children in my care the opportunity to reach their full potential. Sometimes this means adapting an activity to the childÃ¢â¬â¢s ability and stage of development, providing additional resources or giving one child more attention and support than others during a particular activity or routine. All children in my care are given the opportunity to play with all the toys (subject to health and safety with children under 3 years of age). No toys are just for girls or just for boys. I try to ensure my toys reflect positive images of children and people from different cultures and with different abilities. No child in my care will be discriminated against in anyway, whether for their skin colour, culture, gender, ability or religion. I will challenge any remarks that I feel are inappropriate. I encourage the children in my care to learn more about their own culture and to find out about the culture and religions of other children. We do in this in a fun way through sharing book s, cooking and eating food from around the world. I encourage the children to develop a healthy respect of each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s differences and to value everyone as an individual. I encourage Parents to share with us any festivals, special occasions or artefacts, which may enhance the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s learning and understanding. Please sign and date to say you have read and understand All these policies will be implemented by letting the parents no on signing the contract and experience along the way as working as a professional child-minder. 1.3 Explain the importance of confidentiality and data protection. It is important to maintain confidentiality in order to build a relationship of trust between the parent and child-minder. It is important that they can trust you with their personal data and have peace of mind thatÃ you will respect data they have provided. A child Ã¢â¬âminder is looking after the parentÃ¢â¬â¢s most precious thing in their life their child, therefore a relationship of trust and a mutual respect is incredibly important. One sure way of losing this trust is to disrespect the importance of the data to which you are provided. If you cannot be trusted with personal information it may become difficult for a parent to trust you with their child. It is also important to maintain confidentiality to protect the children the children in your care as well as their families, sharing information with the consent of the parent can be of great benefit as long as every party involved is working for the best interest of the child. In the interest of safety the sharing of information could save a childÃ¢â¬â¢s life for example medical issues or allergies. Sharing of information can also support learning as a setting can build a solid base for teaching based on a childÃ¢â¬â¢s likes and dislikes. If there is an issue at home that affects the childÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviour or progress for instance a family death sharing of information can help all involved understand the situation and deal with it appropriately. The main priority should be the interest of the child and this is where it is important to have up to date record, respectfully handled and shared responsibly with parentÃ¢â¬â¢s permission.
Thursday, November 14, 2019
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In the novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Huck Finn was the main character. The story was told through his eyes, and most of the events that took place happened around him.Ã But some of these events would not have happened without other main characters as well, like Jim, Tom Sawyer, the King, or the Duke. Ã Ã Ã Ã HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s personality at the start of the novel had changed gradually throughout the novel and until the end.Ã At first, Miss Watson tried to make him pray for things but Huck did not believe in praying because it brought him bad luck.Ã Later in the novel, Huck tries to pray for forgiveness and wants to erase his sin for stealing a nigger.Ã After he prays, he feels he can pray openly now and will not sin anymore (CH. 31).Ã Huck was also superstitious and believed that everything that went wrong was because of certain things he did, like the snake in JimÃ¢â¬â¢s blanket.Ã And everything was blamed on the bad luck Huck and Jim had.Ã Huck also became kind, especially after the quarrel with his father, pap.Ã He learned that in order to get along with people (like the king and duke), you have to let them have their way, and Huck did. Ã Jim, at first, was looked upon as just an ordinary nigger.Ã But Huck and Tom soon realized that he was very smart and had helped Huck through most of his adventures.Ã But as a nigger, Jim was looked up to as a hero to other niggers.Ã For instance, Huck tells the reader when niggers from all over the country came to see Jim and hear of his heroic stories and every nigger wanted to be like Jim.Ã Jim was also very superstitious, especially in chapter eight when Jim talks about all of his superstitions, like counting the things for dinner and telling the bees that their owner had just died.Ã All of this supposedly brought bad luck. Ã Ã Tom Sawyer was also a very influential character to the story.Ã He was the one who came up with all the solutions for things, which eventually made more of a disaster.Ã But that is because he followed stories too much.Ã For instance, in chapter 35, Jim is captured and Tom tries the most original and hardest way to get him out, thus creating more of a catastrophe.